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Department of Chemistry

Scheme of Study (MS 2 Years)

MS Chemistry (2 Years) Scheme of Study


List of Specialized Courses for M.S Chemistry



Cr. Hrs













































































































Note: Courses selected/qualified for MS Chemistry will not be permitted to take again in Ph.D.


CHEM-701: Advanced Analysis Techniques
Instrumentation, Working Principle and Applications of the following techniques:
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmittance Electron Microscopy (TEM),  X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), Steady-State Fluorescence, Time-Resolved Fluorescence, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM).
Recommended Books

  • E.M. Haacke, R.W. Brown, M.L. Thompson and R. Venkatesan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Physical Principles and Sequence Design, John Wiley, New York (1999)
  • M.J. Duer, Introduction to Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy, Blackwell Publishing (2004)
  • J.P. Glusker, M. Lewis and M. Rossi, Crystal Structure Analysis for Chemists and Biologists, VCH Publishers, New York (1994)
  • J. Kuo, Electron Spectroscopy: Methods and Protocols, Humana Press (2007)
  • A. Sharma and S.G. Schulman, Introduction to Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Wiley Interscience (1999)

CHEM-702: Advanced Spectroscopy
General: Introduction of spectroscopy; molecular symmetry and group theory. Vibrators: Rigorous treatment of microwave and IR spectra of non-rigid and polyatomic molecules. Raman spectroscopy: Principles; applications to diatomic and simple molecules; normal coordinate analysis. NMR spectral parameters: Chemical shift spin-spin coupling and its various types, treatment and analyses of AXn, AMX and AB systems. Spin couplings: Spin coupling in different spin systems. Double resonance experiments: Spin decoupling in 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, suppression of solvent signal, 1H BB decoupling, gated decoupling, 1H off-resonance decoupling. 1D NMR experiments with complex pulse sequence: The J-modulated spin echo, SPI, INEPT and DEPT experiments. 2D NMR Spectroscopy: Introduction, theory and presentation of 2D spectrum. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy: Principles; applications to solids and solutions.
Recommended Books

  • H. Friebolin, Basic one-and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, 4th ed., Wiley-VCH, New York (2005).
  • D. Canet, Nuclear magnetic resonance: concepts and methods, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England (1996)
  • Atta-ur-Rehman and M.I. Chaudhry, Solving problems with NMR spectroscopy, Academic Press, California (1996)
  • R.M. Silverstein, F.X. Webster and D.J. Kiemle, Spectrometric identification of organic compounds, John Wiley & sons Inc., USA (2005)
  • C.N. Banwell, Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, UK (1983)
  • R.S. Macomber, NMR spectroscopy: basic principles and applications, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers, San Diego (1988)
  • S. Berger and S. Braun, 200 and more NMR experiments, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany (2004)
  • Handbook of proton-nmr spectra and data, Asahi Research Center Co., Academic Press, New York (1985)
  • J.K.M. Sanders, et al., Modern NMR spectroscopy: a guide for chemists, The University Press, Oxford (1993)
  • Breitmaier and Eberhard, Structure elucidation by NMR in organic chemistry: a practical guide, John Wiley, West Sussex (2002)
  • Y.C. Ning, Spectral Identification of organic compounds with spectroscopic techniques, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2005)

CHEM-703: Research Methodology and Literature Review
Importance of research in higher education, identification of a research topic; formulation of research questions; undertaking a literature study; collection and analysis of relevant data and developing a written sustained argument linking theory and evidence.
A thorough literature review related to research project/current topic of interest be carried out and to submit the assigned report at the end of the semester. The written report should take the form of a review article for an established scientific journal. The report should include the importance of the topic. Give a concise account of the ideas, identifying the major questions that surround the field of study and show how they emerge, concluding with recent advances in the field and how these were achieved.

CHEM-704: Natural Product Chemistry
Introduction: Importance and historical perspective in natural product synthesis. Classification: Partial synthesis, formal synthesis, total synthesis, chemo-enzymatic synthesis and biomimetic synthesis, Synthesis of natural product by fermentation. Development: Modern reactions/reagents for natural product synthesis, Comparison of classical and modern natural product synthesis, Natural product synthesis as a tool for structure determination. Examples: Recent total syntheses from different classes of natural products: polyketides, terprenoids, phenolics, polyethers and alkaloids. Large Scale Synthesis: Process and industrial scale synthesis of natural products, Synthesis of Discodermolide and Paclitaxel (Taxol)
Recommended Books

  • J.J. Li, and E.J. Corey, Total Synthesis of Natural Products at the Frontiers of Organic Chemistry Ed. By Springer-Verlag (2012)
  • A. Koshkinen, Asymmetric Synthesis of Natural Products, 2nd Ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York (2012)
  • K.C. Nicolau, J.S. Chen, Classics in Total Synthesis III, VCH, Weinheim (2011)
  • T-L. Ho, Symmetry: A Basis for Synthesis Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York (1995)
  • K.C. Nicolau, and S.A. Snyder, Classics in Total Synthesis II, More Targets, Strategies, Methods, VCH, Weinheim (2003)
  • K.C. Nicolau, and E.J. Sorensen, Classics in Total Synthesis, VCH, Weinheim (1995)
  • E.J. Corey, and X.M. Cheng, The Logic of Chemical Synthesis, John Wiley and Sons (1995)

CHEM-705: Organic Name Reactions & Synthetic Reagents
Recent modifications and advancements in classical name reactions: Evans Aldol Condensation, Mukaiyama Aldol, Barton-McCombie Reaction, Baylis-Hillman Reaction, Biginelli Reaction, Bishler-Napieralski Reaction, Blanc Reaction, Brook Rearrangement, Castro-Stephens Coupling, Cory-Kim Oxidation, Dakin-West Reaction, Hetero-Diels-Alder Reaction, Eschenmoser Fragmentation, Friedlander Synthesis, Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction, Milas Hydroxylation Reaction, Pictet-Spengler Ritter Reaction, Doebner Modification. Recent name reactions and their application: Sharpless Dihydroxylation, reactions, CBS reduction, Dess-Martin Oxidation, Swern Oxidation, Stephen aldehyde synthesis, Corey-Fuchs reaction, Fukuyama, Sonogashira, Stille Suzuki, McMurry and Heck coupling, Ugi reaction, Wittig Rearrangement, Mitsunobu Reaction, McMurry coupling, Fujimoto-Belleau reaction, Tebbe olefination, Tamao oxidation, Weinreb synthesis
Recommended Books

  • L. Kurti and B. Czako, Strategic Applications of Name Reactions in Organic Synthesis, Academic Press, New York (2005)
  • L. Kurti and B. Czako, Name Reactions and Reagents in Organic Synthesis, 2nd ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005)
  • B.P. Mundy, M.G. Ellerd, et al., Name Reactions and Reagents in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley, New York (2005)
  • T. Laue and A. Plagens, Name Organic Reactions, John Wiley and Sons: Chichester, England, New York (1998)
  • J.J. Li, Name Reactions: A Collection of Detailed Reaction Mechanisms, 3rd ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin (2006)

CHEM-706: Heterocyclic Chemistry
Oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur containing heterocycles: Synthesis, reactions, stereochemistry and spectroscopy. Heterocycles with more than one heteroatom: Synthesis, reactions and spectroscopy of five-seven membered heterocycles. Fused ring systems: Benzofused five-seven membered heterocycles.
Recommended books

  • H. El-Syed, Heterocyclic Chemistry, Blackwell Publishing (2006).
  • J. Joule, Synthesis of Naturally Occurring Heterocycles from Carbohydrates, Blackwell Publishing (2006).
  • R.K. Bansel, Heterocyclic Chemistry, New Age International, New Delhi (1996).
  • R.H. Acheson, An Introduction to Chemistry of Heterocycles Compounds, 3rd ed., John Wiley, New York (1976).
  • J.M. Loudon, Organic Chemistry, Oxford University Press (2002).
  • F.A. Carey, R.J. Sandberg, Advance Organic Chemistry, Kulver Academic/ Plenum Publisher (2000)

CHEM-707: Stereochemistry
Configuration and conformation of cyclic molecules: Stereochemistry and conformational analysis of cyclohexane systems, six-membered sp2-hybridized cyclic systems, six-membered saturated heterocycles. Stereochemistry and conformational effects in ring systems: Small, common and medium bicyclic and polycyclic fused rings; bridged rings and stereochemical restrictions. Chiroptical properties: Optical rotatory dispersion (ORD) and circular dichroism (CD).
Recommended Books
1.   E.L. Eliel, S.H. Wilen and M.P. Doyle, Basic Organic Stereochemistry, Wiley Interscience, New York (2003)
2.   D. Nasipuri, Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds-Principles and Applications, New Age international Publishers (P) Limited, New Delhi, India (1991)
3.   P.S. Kalsi, Stereochemistry and Mechanism Through Solved Problems, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi, India (2001)
4.   J. Eames (Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London) and J.M. Peach, Stereochemistry at a Glance, Blackwell Publishing (2003)
5.   D.G. Morris, Stereochemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, U.K. (2001)
6.   R. Gabba, Stereochemistry, Campus Books International, New Delhi, India (2002)

CHEM-708: Organic Synthesis-Retrosynthetic Approach
Introduction: Basic definitions of retrosynthesis and disconnection approach. Synthesis of aromatic compounds: One and two group C-X disconnections. Synthons: Definitions and different types of donor and acceptor synthons, concept of “Umpolung”. C-C disconnections of difunctionalized compounds: Dicarbonyl compounds such as 1,2; 1,3; 1,4; 1,5 and 1,6 diO compounds. Synthesis of ring compounds: Three, four, five six, seven and eight membered carbocycles and heterocycles. Devising synthetic schemes: Joint application of the concepts to unknown molecules and some natural products
Recommended Books

  • S. Warren, Organic Synthesis: the Disconnection Approach, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (1992)
  • J. Clayden, N. Greeves. S. Warren and P. Worthers, Organic Chemistry, Oxford University Press (2001)
  • R.O.C. Norman and J.M. Coxon, Principles of Organic Synthesis, 3rd ed., Blackie Academic and Professional, London, (1993)
  • W. Carruthers, Modern Method of Organic Synthesis, Cambridge University Press (1971)
  • S. Warren, Designing Organic Syntheses, J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester (1982)
  • T.W. Greene and P.G.M. Wuts, Protective Group in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc (1999)
  • J. Fuhrhop and G. Penzlin, Organic Synthesis, 2nd Edition, VCH, Weinheim, Germany (1994)

CHEM-709: Reactive Intermediates in Organic Chemistry
Introduction: Reactive intermediates and transition states. Carbocations: Classical and non-classical carbocations, reactions of non-classical carbocations with stereochemical aspects, pericyclic reactions involving carbocations. Carbanions: Generation of carbanions, kinetic and thermodynamic control, stability and reactions, carbanions stabilized by heteroatoms, rearrangements. Free radicals, carbenes, nitrenes and arynes: Generation and reactions, relative stability and stereochemical aspects of reactions.
Recommended Books

  • R.A. Moss, M.S. Platz and Maitland Jr. (Eds.), Reactive Intermediate Chemistry, Jones. Wi (2004)
  • N. Issac, Reactive Intermediate in Organic Chemistry, John Wiley and Sons (1974)
  • M. Jones and R.A. Moss, Reactive Intermediates,John Wiley and Sons, New York (1978)
  • M.B. Smith and J. March, March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure, John Wiley & Sons (2007)

CHEM-710: Advanced Chromatographic Techniques
Introduction: Principles of chromatographic separation. Conventional chromatographic techniques: Paper, thin layer, and column chromatography. Pressure chromatographic techniques: High performance-, medium pressure-, high pressure thin layer liquid-, vacuum liquid-, flash-, centrifugal thin layer- and gas chromatography. Liquid-liquid chromatography: Droplet counter current, counter current distribution, and rotation locular counter current chromatography. Miscellaneous chromatographic techniques: Paper electrophoresis and capillary zone electrophoresis. Hyphenated chromatographic techniques: Gas chromatography- mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Application of chromatographic techniques: Separation of natural products and mixtures of other organic compounds.
Recommended Books

  • K. Hosttetman, A. Marston and M. Hostettmann, Preparative chromatography Techniques, Springer (1997)
  • J.P. Richard Cannel (editor), Natural products isolation, Humana press, New Jersey, USA (1998)
  • W.M.A Niessen and J. Van der Greef, Liquid Chromatography-mass spectrometry: principles and applications, Marcel Dekker, New York (1992)
  • H.M. McNair and J.M. Miller, Basic Gas Chromatography, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (1998)
  • D. Hage, Handbook of Affinity Chromatography, Hage David Saylor & Francis, Inc. (2005)
  • B. Kolb and L.S. Ettre, Static Headspace-Gas Chromatography: Theory and Practice, Wiley, John & Sons, Inc. (2006)
  • P.R. Brown, Advances in Chromatography, Vol. 41, E. Grushka (Ed.), Marcel Dekker (2001)
  • P.R. Brown, Advances in Chromatography, Vol. 40, E. Grushka (Ed.), Marcel Dekker (2000)
  • P.R. Brown, Advances in Chromatography, Vol. 37, E. Grushka (Ed.), Marcel Dekker (1997)
  • R.E. Ardrey, Liquid Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry: An Introduction, John Wiley & Sons (2003)

CHEM-711: Advanced Mass Spectrometry
Introduction: Aims and scope, theory and basic terminology. Instrumentation: Instrumental design, ionization techniques, types of analyzers and detectors. Applications: Modes of fragmentation of various organic compounds, interpretation of mass spectra of unknown organic compounds.
Recommended Books

  • C.G. Herbert and D.P. Schulz, Mass Spectrometry Basics, Taylor & Francis, New York (2003)
  • F.W. McLafferty, F. Turecek and J. Choi, Interpretation of Mass Spectra, University Science Books, California (1993)
  • E. De Hoffmann, J. Charette and V. Stroobant, Mass Spectrometry, Principles & Applications, John Willey & sons (1996)
  • J.H. Gross, Mass Spectrometry, Springer-Verlag New York (2004)
  • A. Frigerio, Essential Aspects of Mass Spectrometry, Spectrum Publications Inc. New York (1974)
  • H.E. Duckworth, R.C. Barber and V.S. Venkatasubramanian, Mass Spectroscopy, Cambridge University Press, London (1986)
  • R.E. Ardrey, Liquid Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry: An Introduction, John Wiley & Sons (2003)
  • S.M. Nelms, Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Handbook, Taylor & Francis, New York (2005)

CHEM-712: Chemistry of Organometallic Compounds
Introduction, synthesis, reactivity and reactions: Grignard,s reagents and alkyllithium. Applications: Alkyllithium as metallating agents in organic synthesis. Organotransition metal compounds: Organo palladium compounds, cupperates and organo zinc compounds, their synthesis and applications.
Recommended Books

  • M. Gielen, R. Willem and B. Warckmeyer (Eds.), Physical Organometallic Chemistry, Vol.3, John Willey and Sons, New York (2002)
  • L.S. Heqedus and L.G. Wade, Transition Metals in the Synthesis of Complex Organic Molecules, 2nd ed., John Willey and Sons. Ltd., New York (1999)
  • M. Schlosser, Organometallics in Synthesis, John Willey and Sons, Ltd. New York (1996)
  • A.W. Parking and R.C. Poller, An Introduction to Organometallic Chemistry, McMillian Education Ltd., New York (1987)
  • E.I. Negishi, Organometallics in Organic Synthesis, Vol.1, John Willey and Sons, New York (1980)
  • J. Clayden, N. Greeves, S. Warren and P. Worthers, Organic Chemistry, Oxford University (2001)
  • G.M. Loudon, Organic Chemistry, 4th ed., Oxford University Press, New York (2002)

CHEM-713: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Organic Chemistry
Introduction: Basic principle of NMR, instrumentation, sample preparation. Chemical shifts: 1H, 13C, 15N, 31P, 29S and 11B chemical shifts, factor affecting chemical shifts. Spin-spin coupling: Coupling constant, spin systems, H, H-coupling, C, H-coupling, C, C-coupling constants and chemical structures. NMR Experiments: Spin decoupling in 1H and 13C NMR, H, H-COSY, H, C-COSY, NOE and other experiments. Applications: NMR use as a tool for structure elucidation and stereochemical assignments.
Recommended Books

  • H. Friebolin, Basic one-and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy, 4th ed., Wiley-VCH, New York (2005)
  • D. Canet, Nuclear magnetic resonance: concepts and methods, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England (1996)
  • Atta-ur-Rehman and M.I. Chaudhry, Solving problems with NMR spectroscopy, Academic Press, California (1996)
  • R.M. Silverstein, F.X. Webster and D.J. Kiemle, Spectrometric identification of organic compounds, John Wiley & sons Inc., USA (2005)
  • R.S. Macomber, NMR spectroscopy: basic principles and applications, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers, San Diego (1988)
  • S. Berger and S. Braun, 200 and more NMR experiments, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany (2004)
  • Handbook of proton-nmr spectra and data, Asahi Research Center Co., Academic Press, New York (1985)
  • J.K.M. Sanders, et al., Modern NMR spectroscopy: a guide for chemists, The University Press, Oxford (1993)
  • Breitmaier and Eberhard, Structure elucidation by NMR in organic chemistry: a practical guide, John Wiley, West Sussex (2002)
  • Y.C. Ning, Spectral Identification of organic compounds with spectroscopic techniques, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2005)

CHEM-714: Advanced Applied Chemistry
Introduction: Various aspects of the energy and raw material supply, Cost: calculations to improve yield and to reduce pollution. Industrial techniques and quality control: Equipment for large-scale manufacturing. Conversion of a lab. process to a pilot plant and then plant procedure. Industrial catalysis. Inorganic and organic processes. Products of fermentation process. Preparation of chemical products from small molecules. Pesticides, herbicides and pharmaceuticals. The environmental impact of a process.
Recommended Books
1.   G.T. Austin, Shreve’s Chemical Processes Industries, 5th ed., McGraw-Hill, International Editions, New York (1984)
2.   R.J. Farrauto, Fundamentals of Industrial Catalytic Processes, Blackie Academic, London (1997)
3.   K.H. Davis, Hand Book of Industrial Chemistry,Vol. 2, CBS Publishers, New Delhi (2004)
4.   O. Levenspiel, Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3rd ed., John Wiley, New York (1999)
5.   M.M. Uppal, Engineering Chemistry (Chemical Technology), S.C. Bhatia (Ed.), Khanna Publishers, New Delhi (2005)

CHEM-715: Kinetics and Mechanisms of Inorganic Reactions

Principles of kinetics: Steady state approximation. Determination of rate law. Inert and labile complexes. Substitution reactions: octahedral, square planer and tetrahedral complexes. Oxidation-reduction reactions of metal ions. Organo-transition metal compounds. Free radical reactions.

Recommended Books
1.   D. Benson, Mechanisms of Inorganic Reaction in Solution: An Introduction, McGraw-Hill, London (1968)
2.   F. Basolo and R.G. Pearson, Mechanisms of Inorganic Reactions: A Study of Metal Complexes in Solutions, 2nd ed., John Wiley, New York (1967)
3.   D. Katakis and G. Gordon, Mechanisms of Inorganic Reactions, Wiley-Interscience, New York (1987)
4.   S.R. Logan, Fundamentals of Chemical Kinetics, Longman, London (1996)
5.   J.O. Edwards, Inorganic Reaction Mechanism: An Introduction, W.A. Benjamin, New York (1965)
6.   R.C. Henderson, The Mechanisms of Reactions of Transition Metals, 5th ed., Oxford University Press (1993)

CHEM-716: Inorganic Material Chemistry
Introduction: inorganic materials, Application and interpretation of powder X-ray diffraction data of materials, The synthesis of inorganic materials – solid state reactions, precursor, solution and sol-gel methods, Solid-gas reactions: Hydrothermal method, CVD, aerosol process, low temperature method, transition metal oxides, electronic, magnetic and optical properties of inorganic materials, Nonstoichiometric compounds: Zeolites, intercalation in layer materials and solid electrolytes, some recent developments in inorganic material chemistry.
Recommended Books
1.   M.T. Weller, Inorganic Material Chemistry, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York (1994)
2.   L. Smart and E. Moore, Solid State Chemistry, 2nd ed., Chapman & Hall (2004)
3.   A.R. West, Basic Solid State Chemistry, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (2000)

CHEM-717: Composite Materials
Materials: composite materials and their classification, matrices and reinforcements for composites. Reinforcements-matrix: interface properties and processing of composites with metallic, ceramic and polymeric matrices. Mechanical, dynamic mechanical and thermal properties of composite materials. Toughening mechanisms and mechanical failure in polymeric composites. Spectroscopic and microscopic analysis.
Recommended Books
1.   D.D.L. Chung, Composite Materials: Functional Material of Modern Technologies, Springer-Verlag, London (2003)
2.   F.L. Mathews and R.D. Rawlings, Composite Materials: Engineering and Science, Chapman and Hall, London (1994)
3.   T.L. Vigo and B.J. Kinzig, Composite Applications: The role of Matrix, Fiber and Interface, VCH, New York (1992)
4.   B.C. Hoskin and A.A. Baker, Composite Materials for Aircraft Structures, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. New York (1986)
5.   M.M. Schwartz, Composite Materials: Processing, Fabrication and Applications, Prentice Hall, PTR, New Jersey (1997)
6.   L. Nicolais and G. Carotenuto, Metal-Polymer, Nanocomposites, Wiley Interscience (2005)
7.   T.S. Pinnavaia and G.W. Beall, Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites, John Wiley & Sons (2000)

CHEM-718: Bio-Inorganic Chemistry
Introduction: Development and importance of bio-inorganic chemistry. Metals and Complexes: Metals of biological importance. Function of metals in enzyme catalysis. Metalloproteins and enzymes containing a transition metal center at their active site. Oxygen carriers; uptake and transport activation and utilization; synthetic dioxygen carriers; nitrogen fixation; vitamin B6 and B12. Importance of nonmetals in biological systems. Metal ions and chelating agents in biological systems.
Recommended Books
1.   S.J. Lippard and J.M. Berg, Principles of Bioinorganic Chemistry, Panima Publishing Corporation, New Delhi (1997)
2.   R.W. Hay, Bioinorganic Chemistry, Ellis Horwood, London (1984)
3.   I. Bertim, H.B. Gray, S.J. Lippard and J.S. Valentine, Bioinorganic Chemistry, Viva Book Private Ltd. New Delhi (1998)
4.   B.K. Keppler, Metal Complexes in Cancer Chemotherapy, VCH, Weinheim (1993)
5.   M.F. Gielen, Metal Based Anti-tumor Drugs, Freund Publishing House Ltd. London (1988)

CHEM-719: Catalysis
Physical adsorption: Chemisorption of gases on metals and metal oxides, textural and structural characterization of catalysts, synthesis of porous solids, kinetics of catalytic reactions, catalysis and theoretical concepts, Catalytic process: Oxidation reactions, production of petrochemicals, environmental catalysis, polymerization and photocatalysis, catalyst deactivation, fuel cells.
Recommended Books
1.   B. Viswanath, S. Sivasanker and A.V. Ramaswamy, Catalysis Principles and Applications, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, India (2006)
2.   J. Hagen, Industrial Catalysis: A Practical Approach, 2nd rev. ed., Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany (2006)
3.   R. Richards, Surfaces and Nanomolecular Catalysis, CRC, Taylor/Frances, Boca Raton (2006)
4.   K. Bucholz and V. Kasche, Biocatalysis and Enzyme Technology, Wiley-VCH, New York (2005)
5.   I. Chorkendorff and J.W. Niemantsverdriet, Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, New York (2003)
6.   A. Weichkowski et al., Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticles Surfaces, Marcel Dekker, New York (2003)
7.   B.K. Hodnett, Heterogeneous Catalysis Oxidation, John Wiley and Sons, New York (2000)
8.   S. Bhaduri and D. Mukesh, Homogenous Catalysis: Mechanisms and Industrial Applications, John Wiley-Interscience, New York (2000)
9.   J. Tsuji, Transition Metal Reagents and Catalysis: Innovation in Organic Synthesis, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester/New York (2000)
10. S.M. Robert, Biocatalysts for Fine Chemical Synthesis, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester (1999)

CHEM-720: Organo-transition Metal Chemistry

Classification of organometallic compounds; transition metal to carbon sigma bonded compounds, complexes with metal-carbon pi bonds such as h2-h7. Synthesis, properties and nature of bonding in pi complexes. Complexes: Molecular nitrogen, oxygen and carbon disulfide. Fundamental processes: Organometallics, fluxional and dynamic equilibrium, oxidative addition and reductive elimination, insertion and deinsertion, reactions of coordinated ligands. Catalysis by organometallic (stoichiometric and catalytic processes) compounds. Polymerization and oligomerization: Synthesis with CO hydrogenation of olefin etc.
Recommended Books
1.   A. Yamamoto, Organotransition Metal Chemistry Fundamental Concepts and Applications, John Wiley & Sons (1986)
2.   M.L.H. Green, G.E. Coates and K. Wades, Organometallic Compounds, Methuen & Co. Ltd., (1968)
3.   M. Bochmann, Organometallic 1 and 2, Oxford Science Publications (1994)
4.   F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkenson, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 6th Ed. John Wiley & Sons, (1999)

CHEM-721: Photochemistry
Principles of photochemistry: Primary and secondary chemical processes. Electron transfer in photochemistry: Collisional and coulombic modes; effect of temperature; eximers and exiplexes, the SET photochemistry, quantum yields. Kinetics and energetic of photochemical reactions: Mechanism of photochemical reactions; intersystem crossing; flash photolysis; mass spectrometric methods. Experimental methods in photochemistry: Low, medium and high pressure mercury lamps; resonance lamps; actinometers, phototubes; sources of high intensity flashes of light; laser and synchrotron radiations. Photolytic studies: Aqueous and non-aqueous systems; effects of radiations on solids. Applications in daily life and industry: Picosecond and femtosecond flash photolysis, Supramolecular photochemistry.
Recommended Books
1.   P. Suppan, Chemistry and Light, The Royal Society of Chemistry, London (1994)
2.   R.P. Wayne, Principles and Applications of Photochemistry, Oxford University Press (1988)
3.   J.G. Calvert, and J.N. Pitts, Photochemistry, John Wiley and sons Inc. New York (1966)
4.   A. Cox and T.J. Kemp, Introduction of Photochemistry, McGraw-Hill, London (1971)

CHEM-722: Quantum Chemistry
A brief overview of basic concepts and solution of four representative systems: Particle in a box, simple harmonic oscillator, rigid rotor and hydrogen atom. Appropriate methods: Variation and perturbation methods; application of variation method to molecular orbitals. Many electron atoms: Slater’s determinants, electron spin and spin orbit interaction. Molecular orbital (MO) and valence bond (VB) theory: Homonuclear and homonuclear diatomic molecules. Semiempirical and ab-initio: MO treatment of molecules.
Recommended Books
1.   I.N. Levine, Quantum Chemistry, 5th ed., Prentice Hall, New Jersey (2000)
2.   A. Szabo, Modern Quantum Chemistry: Introduction to Advanced Electronic Structure Theory, Revised 1st ed., McMillan, New York (1996)
3.   A. Szabo and N.S. Ostund, Modern Quantum Chemistry, McMillan, New York (1982)

CHEM-723: Surface Chemistry
Solid-liquid interface: Wetting; heat of wetting; thermodynamic description of an interface; Gibbs-Duhem equation for an interphase, Gibbs adsorption isotherm, adsorption from solutions (dilute, liquid mixtures, non-electrolytes, electrolytes, etc.) at solid-liquid interface; detergency and flotation. Study of liquid interfaces: Kelvin’s and Laplace equations. Technical catalysis: Catalyst preparation techniques; catalytic reactors; supported metal catalysts; industrial applications of heterogeneous catalysts. Catalysis for steam-reforming, CO- & CO2-methanation; water-gas shift; Fischer-ropsch synthesis reactions. Catalysts for synthesis of ammonia, nitric acid, chemical fertilizers etc.
Recommended Books

  • S.J. Gregg and K.S.W. Sing, Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity, 2nd ed., Academic Press, London (1982)
  • G.C. Bond, Heterogeneous Catalysis: Principles and Applications, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, Oxford (1987)
  • M.J. Jaycock and G.D. Parfitt, Chemistry of Interfaces, Ellis Harwood Ltd, Chichester, UK (1981)

CHEM-724: Chemical Thermodynamics
Basic thermodynamics: Energy balance; entropy balance. Thermodynamic properties interrelations: Maxwell’s equations; flow of fluids. Power production: The Rankine cycle, Brayton’s cycle; fuel cells and batteries; internal combustion engine; compression and refrigeration. Vapor compression evaporation; vapor compression refrigeration, liquefaction of gases. Phase equilibrium: Non-ideal gas and liquid mixtures; chemical reaction equilibria.
Recommended Books
1.   J. Winnik, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York (1997)
2.   I.N. Levine, Physical Chemistry, McGraw Hill, New York (2002)
3.   B.G. Kyle, Chemical and Process Thermodynamics, Printice Hall International, London (1999)
4.   T. Letcher (Ed.), Chemical Thermodynamic for Industry, Royal Society of Chemistry, (2004)

CHEM-725: Physical Chemistry of Environment
Environment and its resources: Resource depletion and environmental pollution; greenhouse effect; greenhouse gases; mechanism of reactions causing pollution; interaction of pollutants with materials; noxious emission from industrial processes; aerosol production. Chemistry of pollutants: Nuclear waste and its management. Kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of atmospheric phenomena. Clean energy for future. Experimental techniques for environmental monitoring.
Recommended Books

  • W.W. Eckenfelder, Jr., Industrial Water Pollution Control, McGraw-Hill International Edition (2000)
  • J.O.M. Bockris, Environmental Chemistry, Plenum Press, New York (1992)
  • R.B. Martin, Introduction to Biophysical Chemistry, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New    York.

CHEM-726: Chemical Kinetics
Reactions in solutions: Diffusion-controlled reactions; applications of transition state theory; solvent effects on polar and ionic reactions; salt effects on reactions. Kinetic isotope effects. Chain reactions: Features of chain mechanisms; branching chain and oscillating reactions. Determination of reaction orders: Methods when the infinity reading is unknown; 0th-order or fractional order reactions with respect to a single concentration; rate expression and method of flooding; reactions with complex dependence on a single concentration variable. Product catalyzed reactions: Dual solution in consecutive reactions; series reaction with reversible step; prior-equilibrium and improved steady-state approximation. Concentration-jump methods for opposing reactions. Methods of data analysis: Linear free energy relation (LFER). Hammett co-relation; acid-base catalysis; the Bronsted catalysis law; mechanisms of acid-base catalyzed reactions, reactivity-selectivity principle and iso-selectivity rule; intrinsic barrier and Hammond’s postulate. Marcus equations and its applications.
Recommended Books

  • J.H. Espenson, Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, Singapore (1995)
  • A.A.M. Frost and R.G. Pearson, Kinetics and Mechanism, 3rd ed., Butterworths, London (1969)
  • R.A. Alberty and R.J. Silby, Physical Chemistry, John Wiley, New York (1995)

CHEM-727: Solution Chemistry
Solutions: Classification; their importance in chemistry, industry and life science. Interactions in solutions: Concept of solute and solvent; multicomponent systems; preferential solvation. Solvents: Their characterization; microscopic structure of solvent and solvates; pair distribution function (PDF) and its determination using different techniques (spectroscopy and diffraction). Molecular dynamics and microscopic structure; different techniques of molecular dynamical calculations. Theories and laws related to solutions. Macroscopic properties of solutions: Transport properties; thermodynamics of solution; equilibria in solutions.
Recommended Books

  • C. Reichhardt, Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry, 2nd ed., VCH, Weinheim, Germany (1988)
  • J.H. Hildebrand, J.M. Prausnitz and R.L. Scott, Regular and Related Solutions, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York (1970)
  • O. Popovych and R.P.T. Tomkins, Nanoaqueous Solution Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, New York (1981)
  • D. Tabor, Gases, Liquids and Solids, 3rd ed., Cambridge University Press, UK (1993)
  • R.C. Reid and T.K. Sherwood, The Properties of Gases and Liquids, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York (1986)
  • K. Shinoda, Principles of Solution and Solubility, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York (1988)
  • H.J. Butt, G. Graf and M. Kappl, Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces, John Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2003)

CHEM-728: Nanomaterials and Their Applications
Nanomaterials: Classification; structure and bonding; size dependent properties of matter; arrangements in 3D, 2D and 1D. Specific heats and melting points of nano-crystalline materials. Semiconductor nanocrystals: Spinels; quantum dots. Alloy semiconductors and their synthesis. Metal nanoparticles, double layers. Nanoparticle stability; charge transfer. Optical properties: Light absorption by colloids; dielectric response; size effects, electron transfer; temperature effects. Magnetism: Magnetic susceptibility and permeability: diamagnetism; paramagnetism; Langevin model; quantum effects. Ferromagnetism, Curie-Weiss law. Antiferro-magnetism: Ferri-magnetism. Magnetic anisotropy. Magnetic domains. Hysteresis. Super-paramagnetism. Chemical and catalytic aspects of nanocrystals. Nanotechnology: Synthesis techniques. Applications.
Recommended Books

  • K.J. Klabunde, Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry, John Wiley, New York (2001)
  • D. Jiles, Introduction to Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Nelson Thornes, Cheltenham (1998)
  • C.C. Koch, Nanostructured Materials, Processing, Properties and Potential Applications, William Andrew Publishing, New York (2002)
  • R.D. Shull, R.D. McMichael, L.J. Swatzendruber, and L.H. Bennett, Studies of Magnetic Properties of Fine Particles and Their Relevance to Materials Science, J.J. Pormann, D. Fiorani (Eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam (1992)
  • M. Schwartz, New Materials, Process, and Methods Technology, CRC Press, New York (2006)

CHEM-729: Statistical Mechanics
Introduction: Statistical mechanics and its significance for chemical systems. Ensembles: microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical. Probability: Discrete states; continuously varying probabilities. Average values: concepts of number average and time average, fluctuations and standard deviations. Partition functions: Concept; different types; their determination for diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Partition functions of the systems of very large number of particles. Relationship between partition function and thermodynamic functions. Statistical mechanical treatment: Chemical equilibria and chemical reactions; imperfect gases; liquid state; dilute solutions: perfect crystals. Applications of Ferm-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics and their mutual comparison with Boltzmann Maxwell statistics.
Recommended Books

  • F. Reif, Statistical Physics (Berkeley Physics Course), McGraw-Hill, New York (1965)
  • N. Davidson, Statistical Mechanics, McGraw-Hill, New York (1962)
  • T.L. Hill, Statistical Mechanics, McGraw-Hill, New York (1956)
  • J.G. Aston and J.J. Fritz, Thermodynamics and Statistical Thermodynamics, John-Wiley, New York (1959)
  • J.M. Seddon and J.D. Gale, Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics, RSC Publishers (2001)

CHEM-730: Modern Trends in Chemistry
Topics under recent investigation and of current interest (the choice will depend upon the interests of the teacher giving this course)

CHEM-731: Advanced Separation Methods and Bioanalysis

Steps of an analytical method to determine biological active compounds (endogeneous compounds, environmental pollution, drugs etc.) in various biological matrices (like serum, urine, cell culture) and environmental samples (surface water)

Recommended Books

  • Ladislav Svarovsky, Solid – Liquid Seperation, 4th ed., Butterworth-Heinemann (2000)
  • P.A. Schweitzer, Handbook of Separation Techniques for Chemical Engineers, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill Professional (1997)

CHEM-732: Analysis & Structure Determination (LC-MS)
The hyphenation of liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectrometry (MS), including requirements for mobile- and stationary phases, ionization techniques, mass analyzers, system optimization, calibration, data acquisition, structure determination, miniaturization, strategies for method development and area of application. Basic sample preparation-, LC- and MS theory of importance to LC-MS hyphenation.

Recommended Books

  • W.M.A. Niessen, Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, 3rd ed., CRC Press, (2006)
  • W. Li, J. Zhang, F.L.S. Tse, Handbook of LC‐MS Bioanalysis: Best Practices, Experimental Protocols, and Regulations. Willey (2013)

CHEM-733: Pharmaceutical Analysis
Identity and purity requirements, bioavailability/dissolution requirements, regulatory considerations, regulatory compliance, global CMC NDA. Method development: Introduction, overview of separation methods for drugs, high-performance liquid chromatography for drug analysis, thin-layer chromatography for drug analysis, gas chromatography for drug analysis, supercritical-fluid chromatography for drug analysis, capillary electrophoresis for drug analysis. Validation of pharmaceutical test methods: Validation terminology and definitions, method development and its influence on method validation, validation requirements of the method, validation documentation, validation experimentation, method transfer, revalidation, reference standards
Recommended Books

  • S. Ahuja, S. Scypinski, Handbook of modern pharmaceutical analysis, 2nd ed., Academic Press (2010)
  • N.A. Armstrong, K.C. James, Understanding experimental design and interpretation in pharmaceutics, 1st  ed., Taylor & Francis Publishers (1990)
  • A.H. Beckett, J.B. Stennlake, Practical Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 4th ed., The Aulton Press (2001)
  • H.G. Brittain, Spectroscopy of pharmaceutical solids, 1st ed., Taylor & Francis (2006)
  • Y. Kazakevich, R. LoBrutto, HPLC for pharmaceutical scientists, 1st ed., John Wiley and Sons (2007)
  • A.C. Moffat, D.M. Osselton, B. Widdop, Clarke’s Analysis of Drugs and Poison, 4th ed., Pharmaceutical Press (2011)

CHEM-734: Food Analysis
Sampling techniques and sample preparation for the analysis of food components. The principles, methodology and applications of instrumentation and technology in food analysis. Comparison of advanced analytical techniques with conventional techniques in food analysis. Application of common techniques for analysing food components from specific food products to determine proximate composition. Extraction, chromatographic techniques, gas chromatography (GC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC), in food analysis. Assessment of data using statistical analysis and reporting of results in a scientific manner.
Recommended Books

  • S. Ötles, Methods of Analysis of Food Components and Additives, 1st ed., CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group (2005)
  • Y. Pico, Chemical Analysis of Food: Techniques and Applications, 1st ed., Elsevier (2012)
  • R. Wood, L. Foster, A.  Damant, P.  Key, Analytical methods for food additives, 1st ed., CRC Press; Woodhead Pub

CHEM-735: Inorganic Functional Materials
Definition of functional materials and its relations to smart materials. Trasducers, sensors and actuators. Use of sensors in high technological devices (e.g. smartphones). MEMS. Formation of Solids from Solutions and Melts: Sol-gel process: definition, steps and reactions. Examples. Solvothermal Processes. Hydrothermal synthesis of single crystals. Thin-film deposition techniques:  Introduction and process steps. Classification of thin-film deposition technology. Physical vapor deposition and chemical vapor deposition. Examples of use in different fields. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and comparison with physical vapor deposition PVD. Gas transport, reactors and typical overall reactions used in CVD. Precursors. Case exemplary study: Deposition of SiO2.
Recommended Books

  • Schubert, U., Hüsing, N.  Synthesis of Inorganic Materials, Wiley-VCH, 2012
  • Inorganic materials, Bruce, D.W., O’Hare, D. J.Wiley&Sons, 1997
  • West, A.R. Basic Solid State Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, 1984
  • West, A.R. Solid State chemistry, J. Wiley e Sons 1990

CHEM-750: Seminar on Dissertation/Viva
The student shall give a seminar and submit a dissertation on the subject of his/her research work for evaluation and an oral examination.