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The University of Haripur Alumni Occupies Faculty Position

Brief Biography:
Dr. Raheem Shahzad obtained his B.Sc (Hons) degree in Agriculture Sciences with specialization in Horticulture from The University of Haripur, Pakistan. He was the first degree holder of University of Haripur. Dr. Shahzad was awarded an International scholarship for Master in Agriculture Sciences and Ph.D in Plant Biosciences at Kyungpook National University, South Korea. Dr. Shahzad worked as Postdoctoral Fellow at Kyungpook National University, South Korea and served as Assistant Professor at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. Currently, He is serving as Assistant Professor in Department of Horticulture, University of Haripur, Pakistan. Dr. Shahzad’s research interest is focused on underlying mechanisms involved in Endophytic microbial association with host plants growing in extreme living conditions and assess their valuable and interactive role in improving crop growth and physiology in marginalized lands. Dr. Shahzad have attended more than 20 International Conferences to present his scientific outcomes, registered 3 International Patents and published more than 52 research articles in refereed journals with the more than 156 cumulative Impact Factors.   

Research Interest:
Dr. Shahzad’s research interest is to find underlying mechanisms involved in Endophytic microbial association with host plants growing in extreme living conditions and assess their valuable and interactive role in improving crop growth and physiology in marginalized lands.  Using such approaches are not only eco-friendly but can also help in achieving the sustainable global food securities.

Published Articles: (Numbers: 52, Impact Factors: 156.96)

  1. S.M Kang, S. Bilal, R. Shahzad, Y.N Kim, C.W Park, K.E Lee, J.R Lee, I.J Lee (2020) Effect of Ammonia and Indole-3-acetic Acid Producing Endophytic Klebsiella pneumoniae YNA12 as a Bio-Herbicide for Weed Inhibition: Special Reference with Evening Primroses. Plants.  9(6), 761. I.F: 2.762
  2. R. Shahzad, A. Shehzad, S. Bilal, I.J Lee (2020) Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RWL-1 as a New Potential Strain for Augmenting Biochemical and Nutritional Composition of Fermented Soybean. Molecules. 25(10), 2346. I.F: 3.267
  3. A. Khan, S. Bilal, A. L Khan, M. Imran, R. Shahzad, A. Al-Harrasi, A. Al-Rawahi, M. Al-Azhri, T.K Mohanta, I.J Lee (2020) Silicon and Gibberellins: Synergistic Function in Harnessing ABA Signalling and Heat Stress Tolerance in Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Plants. 9(5), 620. I.F: 2.762
  4. S.M Kang, A. Adhikari, K.E Lee, M.A Khan, A.L Khan, R. Shahzad, S. K Dhungana, I.J Lee (2020) Inoculation with Indole-3-acetic acid producing rhizospheric Rhodobacter sphaeroides KE149 augments the growth of adzuki bean plants under water stress. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. DOI : 10.4014/jmb.1911.11063 I.F: 1.992
  5. S. Bilal, R. Shahzad, M. Imran, R. Jan, K.M Kim, I.J Lee (2020) Synergistic association of endophytic fungi enhances Glycine max L. resilience to combined abiotic stresses: Heavy metals, high temperature and drought stress. Industrial Crops and Products. 143:111931. I.F: 4.244


  1. R. Shahzad, S. Bilal, M. Imran, A.L Khan, A.A. Alosaimi, H.A al-shuyeh, H. Almahasheer, S. Rehman, I.J Lee (2019) Amelioration of heavy metal stress by endophytic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RWL-1 in rice by regulating metabolic changes: potential for bacterial bioremediation. Biochemical Journal. 476 (21): 3385-3400.  I.F: 4.09
  2. S. Bilal, R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, A. Al-Harrassi, C.K Kim, I.J Lee (2019) Phytohormones enabled endophytic Penicillium funiculosum LHL06 protects Glycine max L. from synergistic toxicity of heavy metals by hormonal and stress-responsive proteins modulation. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 120824. I.F: 9.038
  3. S. Rehman, M.A Ansari, M.A Alzohairy, M.N Alomary, B.R Jermy, R. Shahzad, N. Tashkandi, Z.H Alsalem (2019) Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Novel Synthesized Neodymium-Substituted Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles for Biomedical Application. Processes. 7(10):714. I.F: 2.753
  4. S.M Kang*, R. Shahzad*, S. Bilal, A.L Khan, Y.G Park, K.E Lee, S. Asaf,  M.A khan, I.J Lee (2019) Indole-3-acetic-acid and ACC deaminase producing Leclercia adecarboxylata MO1 improves Solanum lycopersicum L. growth and salinity stress tolerance by endogenous secondary metabolites regulation. BMC Microbiology. 19:80. I.F: 2.989
  5. R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, I. Ullah, S. Bilal, Y.H Kim, S. Asaf, S.M Kang, I.J Lee (2019) Metabolic and proteomic alteration in phytohormone-producing endophytic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RWL-1 during methanol utilization. Metabolomics. DOI : 10.1007/s11306-018-1467-0. I.F: 2.881


  1. A.L Khan, F. Mabood, F. Akber, A. Ali, R. Shahzad, A.A Harrasi, A.A Rawahi, Z.K Shinwari, I.J Lee (2018) Endogenous phytohormones of frankincense producing Boswellia sacra tree populations. PLoS ONE. 13 (12): e0207910. I.F: 2.740
  2. Y.H Kim, C.W Seo, A.L Khan, B.G Mun, R. Shahzad, J.W Ko, B.Wook Yun, S.K Park, I.J Lee (2018) Exo-ethylene Application Mitigates Waterlogging Stress in Soybean (Glycine max L.). BMC Plant Biology. 18:254. I.F: 3.497
  3. S. Bilal, R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, S.M Kang, Q.M. Imran, A. Al-Harrasi, B.Y Yun , I.J Lee (2018) Endophytic Microbial Consortia of Phytohormones-Producing Fungus Paecilomyces formosus LHL10 and Bacteria Sphingomonas sp. LK11 to Glycine max L. Regulates Physio-hormonal Changes to Attenuate Aluminum and Zinc Stresses. Frontiers in Plant Sciences. 9:1273. I.F: 4.402
  4. R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, S. Bilal, S. Asaf, I.J Lee (2018) What is there in seeds? Vertically transmitted endophytic resources for sustainable improvement in plant growth. Frontiers in plant Science. 9:24. I.F: 4.402
  5. M.W Ali, R. Shahzad, S. Bilal, B. Adhikari, I.D Kim, J.D Lee, I.J Lee, B.O Kim, D.H Shin (2018) Comparison of antioxidants potential, metabolites, and nutritional profiles of Korean fermented soybean (Cheonggukjang) with Bacillus subtilis KCTC 13241. Journal of Food Science and Technology. 55(8):2871-2880. I.F: 1.946
  6. A.L Khan, A. Al-Harrasi, R. Shahzad, Q.M Imran, B.Y Yun, Y.H Kim, S.M Kang, A. Al-Rawahi, I.J Lee (2018) Regulation of endogenous phytohormones and essential metabolites in frankincense-producing Boswellia sacra under wounding stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum.  40: 113. I.F: 1.760
  7. S. Asaf, A.L Khan, M.A Khan, R. Shahzad, Lubna, S.M Kang, A. Al-Harrasi, A. Al-Rawahi, I.J Lee (2018) Complete chloroplast genome sequence and comparative analysis of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) with related species. PLoS ONE 13(3): e0192966. I.F: 2.740
  8. S. Bilal, L. Ali, A.L Khan, R. Shahzad, S. Asaf, M. Imran, S.M Kang, S.K Kim, I.J Lee (2018) Endophytic fungus Paecilomyces formosus LHL10 produces sester-terpenoid YW3548 and cyclic peptide that inhibit urease and α-glucosidase enzyme activities. Archives of microbiology. 200, 1493–1502. I.F: 1.884
  9. S. Bilal, A.L Khan, R. Shahzad, Y.H Kim, M Imran, M.J Khan, A. Al-Harrasi , T.H. Kim, I.J Lee (2018) Mechanisms of Cr(VI) resistance by endophytic Sphingomonas sp. LK11 and its Cr(VI) phytotoxic mitigating effects in soybean (Glycine max L.).  Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 164, 648-658. I.F: 4.872
  10. Y.H Kim, B.G Mun, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, H.H Kim, R. Shahzad, M. Imran, B.W Yun, I.J Lee (2018)  Regulation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species by salicylic acid in rice plants under salinity stress conditions. PLoS ONE, 13(3): e0192650. I.F: 2.740
  11. K. Al-Hosni, R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, Q.M Imran, A. Al-Harrasi, A. Al-Rawahi, S. Asaf, S.M Kang, B.Y Yun, I.J Lee (2018)  Preussia sp. BSL-10 producing nitric oxide, gibberellins, and indole acetic acid and improving rice plant growth. Journal of Plant Interactions. 3;1, 112-118. I.F: 2.992
  12. M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, M. Hamayun, S. Asasf, A.L Khan, S.M Kang, S. Yun, K.M Kim,  I.J Lee (2018) Biochar amendment changes jasmonic acid levels in two rice varieties and alters their resistance to herbivory. PLoS ONE 13(1): e0191296. I,.F: 2.740
  13. F. Subhan*, R. Shahzad*, I. Tauseef, K.S Haleem, A. Rehman, S. Mahmood, I.J Lee (2018) Isolation, identification, and pathological effects of beach sand bacterial extract on human skin keratinocytes in vitro. PeerJ 6:e4245.  I.F: 2.379
  14. R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, L. Ali, S. Bilal, M. Imran, K.S Choi, A. Al-Harrasi, I.J Lee (2018) Characterization of New Bioactive Enzyme Inhibitors from Endophytic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RWL-1. Molecules 2018, 23(1), 114. I.F: 3.267


  1. M.W Ali, I.D Kim, S. Bilal, R. Shahzad, M.T Saeed, B. Adhikari, R.B.S Nabi, J.R Kyo, D.H Shin (2017) Effects of Bacterial Fermentation on the Biochemical Constituents and Antioxidant Potential of Fermented and Unfermented Soybeans Using Probiotic Bacillus subtilis (KCTC 13241). Molecules. 22:12, 2200. I.F: 3.267
  2. A.Y Kim, R. Shahzad, S.M Kang, C.W Seo, Y.G Park, H.J Park, I.J Lee (2017) IAA-producing Klebsiella variicola AY13 reprograms soybean growth during flooding stress. Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology. 20:4, 235-242
  3. S.M Kang, R. Shahzad, S. Bilal, A.L Khan, Y.H You, W.H Lee, H.L Ryu, K.E Lee and I.J Lee (2017) Metabolism-mediated induction of zinc tolerance in Brassica rapa by Burkholderia cepcia CS2-1. Journal of Microbiology, 55:12, 955-965. I.F: 2.845
  4. A. Ali, R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, B.A Halo, R. Al-Yahyai, A. Al-Harrasi, A. Al-Rawahi and IJ Lee (2017) Endophytic bacterial diversity of Avicennia marina helps to confer resistance against salinity stress in Solanum lycopersicum. Journal of Plant Interactions, 12:1, 312-322, I.F: 2.992
  5. S. Bilal, A.L Khan, R. Shahzad, S. Asaf, S.M Kang, I.J Lee (2017) Endophytic Paecilomyces formosus LHL10 Augments Glycine max L. Adaptation to Ni-Contamination through Affecting Endogenous Phytohormones and Oxidative Stress. Frontiers in plant Science. 8:870. I.F: 4.402
  6. S.M Kang, M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, Y.H You, S. Asaf, M.A Khan, K.E Lee, G.J Joo, S.J Kim, I.J Lee (2017). Isolation and characterization of a novel silicate-solubilizing bacterial strain Burkholderia eburnea CS4-2 that promotes growth of japonica rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin). Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 63 (2017), 233-241. I.F: 2.156
  7. A.Y Kim*, R. Shahzad*, S.M Kang, A.L Khan, S.M Lee, Y.G Park, W.H Lee, I.J Lee (2017). Paenibacillus terrae AY-38 resistance against Botrytis cinerea in Solanum lycopersicum L. plants through defence hormones regulation. Journal of Plant Interactions, 12(1), 244-253. I.F: 2.992
  8. R. Shahzad, A.L. Khan, S. Bilal, S. Asaf, I.J Lee (2017) Plant growth-promoting endophytic bacteria versus pathogenic infections: an example of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RWL-1 and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici in tomato. PeerJ. 5:e3107. I.F: 2.379
  9. Y.G Park, B.G Mun, S.M Kang, A. Hussain, R. Shahzad, C.W Seo, et al. (2017) Bacillus aryabhattai SRB02 tolerates oxidative and nitrosative stress and promotes the growth of soybean by modulating the production of phytohormones. PLoS ONE 12(3): e0173203. I.F: 2.740
  10. R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, S. Bilal, M. Waqas, S.M Kang, I.J Lee (2017) Inoculation of abscisic acid-producing endophytic bacteria enhances salinity stress tolerance in Oryza sativa. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 136: 68-77. I.F: 4.027
  11. S. Asaf, M. Waqas, A.L Khan, M.A Khan, S.M Kang, Q.M Imran, R. Shahzad, B. Saqib, B.W Yun, I.J Lee (2017) The Complete Chloroplast Genome of Wild Rice (Oryza minuta) and Its Comparison to Related Species. Frontier in plant Sciences. 8: 304. I.F: 4.402
  12. M. Waqas, Y.H Kim, A.L Khan, R. Shahzad, S. Asasf, M. Hamayun, I.J Lee (2017) Additive effects due to biochar and endophyte application enable soybean to enhance nutrient uptake and modulate nutritional parameters. Journal of Zhejiang University: SCIENCE B (Biomedicine & Biotechnology). 18(2): 109-124. I.F: 2.082
  13. R. Shahzad, M. Waqas, A.L Khan, K. AL-Hosni, S.M Kang, C.W Seo, I.J Lee (2017) Indoleacetic acid production and plant growth promoting potential of bacterial endophytes isolated from rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds. Acta Biologica Hungarica 68(2), 175–186. I.F: 0.585
  14. A.L Khan, S.A Gillani, M. Waqas, K. AL-Hosni, S. AL-Khiziri, Y.H Kim, L. Ali, S.M Kang, S. Asasf, R. Shahzad, J. Haussain, I.J Lee, A. AL-Harrasi (2017) Endophytes from medicinal plants and their potential for producing indole-acetic acid, improving seed germination and mitigating oxidative stress. Journal of Zhejiang University: SCIENCE B (Biomedicine &Biotechnology). 18(2): 125-137. I.F: 2.082
  15. S. Asaf, M.A Khan, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, A.Y Kim, S.M Kang, I.J Lee (2017) Bacterial endophytes from arid land plants regulate endogenous hormone content and promote growth in crop plants: an example of Sphingomonas sp. and Serratia marcescens. Journal of Plant Interactions 12(1):31-38. I.F: 2.992
  16. A.L Khan, M. Waqas, S. Asaf, M. Kamran, R. Shahzad, S. Bilal, M.A Khan, S.M. Kang, Y.H Kim, B.W Yun, A. Al-Rawahi, A. AL-Harrasi, I.J Lee (2017) Plant growth-promoting endophyte Sphingomonas sp. LK11 alleviates salinity stress in Solanum pimpinellifolium. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 33:58-69. I.F: 4.027


  1. S. Bilal, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, I.D Kim, I.J Lee, D.H Shin (2016) Biochemical Constituents and in Vitro Antioxidant and Anticholinesterase Potential of Seeds from Native Korean Persimmon Genotypes. Molecules 21(7):893. I.F: 3.267
  2. R. Shahzad, M. Waqas, A.L. Khan, S. Asaf, M. A. Khan, S.M. Kang, B.W. Yun, I.J. Lee (2016) Seed-borne endophytic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RWL-1 produces gibberellins and regulates endogenous phytohormones of Oryza sativa. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry .106, 236–243. I.F: 3.720
  1. S. Asaf, A.L Khan, A.R Khan, M. Waqas, S.M Kang, M.A Khan, R. Shahzad, C.W Seo, J.H Shin, I.J Lee (2016) Mitochondrial Genome Analysis of Wild Rice (Oryza minuta) and Its Comparison with Other Related Species, PLoS ONE 11(4):e0152937. I.F: 2.740
  2. M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, A.L Khan, S. Asaf, Y.H Kim, S.M Kang, S. Bilal, M. Hamayun, I.J Lee (2016) Salvaging effect of triacontanol on plant growth, thermotolerance, macro-nutrient content, amino acid concentration and modulation of defense hormonal levels under heat stress. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 99:118-125. I.F: 3.720


  1. M. Waqas, A.L Khan, M. Hamayun, R. Shahzad, S.M Kang, J.G Kim, I.J Lee (2015) Endophytic fungi promote plant growth and mitigate the adverse effects of stem rot: an example of Penicillium citrinum and Aspergillus terreus, Journal of Plant Interactions, 10:1, 280-287. I.F: 2.992
  2. M. Waqas, A.L Khan, R. Shahzad, I. Ullah, A.R Khan, I.J Lee (2015) Mutualistic fungal endophytes produce phytohormones and organic acids that promote japonica rice plant growth under prolonged heat stress. Journal of Zhejiang University: SCIENCE B (Biomedicine &Biotechnology). 16(12):1011-8. I.F: 2.082
  3. R. Shahzad, M. Waqas, A.L Khan, M. Hamayun, S.M Kang, I.J Lee (2015) Foliar application of methyl jasmonate induced physio-hormonal changes in Pisum sativum under diverse temperature regimes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 96:406-416. I.F: 3.720
  4. A.R Khan, I. Ullah, M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, S.J Hong, G.S Park, B.K Jung, I.J Lee, J.H Shin (2015) Plant growth-promoting potential of endophytic fungi isolated from Solanum nigrum leaves. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. 31(9):1461-1466. I.F: 2.477
  5. M. Hamayun, A. Hussain, S.A Khan, M. Irshad, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, A. Iqbal, N. Ullah, G. Rehman, H.Y Kim, I.J Lee (2015) Kinetin modulates physio-hormonal attributes and isoflavone contents of soybean grown under salinity stress. Frontiers in plant Science. 6: 377. I.F: 4.402
  6. Y.H Kim, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, R. Shahzad, I.J Lee (2015). Silicon-mediated mitigation of wounding stress acts by up-regulating the rice antioxidant system. Cereal Research Communications. 44 (1), 111-121. I.F: 0.811
  7. S.M Kang, A.L Khan, M. Waqas, Y.H You, M. Hamayun, G.J Joo, R. Shahzad, K.S Choi, I.J Lee  (2015). Gibberellin-producing Serratia nematodiphila PEJ1011 ameliorates low temperature stress in Capsicum annuum L. European Journal of Soil Biology 68 (2015) 85-93. I.F: 2.285
  8. M. Waqas, A.L Khan, M. Hamayun, R. Shahzad, Y.H Kim, K.S Choi, I.J Lee (2015). Endophytic infection alleviates biotic stress in sunflower through regulation of defence hormones, antioxidants and functional amino acids. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 141:803–824. I.F: 1.582