Haripur Journal of Educational Research (HJER) :: Year 2018 Volume 02, Issue II

Students’ Engagement Through Questioning Strategies in Undergraduate Classrooms
Author/s: Saleha Rehman, MS student of English Language and Literature, Humanities Department, saleha.khan713@gmail.com, Fayyaz Ahmed Faize, Assistant Professor, Comsat University, Islamabad, Fasih Ahmad, Assistant Professor, Humanities Department, COMSATS University Islamabad
Abstract: Questions are one of the important sources of learning. A good questioning strategy can encourage students’ interest and arise curiosity. Thus, teachers’ questions ar ..... Read More
Questions are one of the important sources of learning. A good questioning strategy can encourage students’ interest and arise curiosity. Thus, teachers’ questions are useful tool in reinforcing learning and involving studentsduring classroom instruction. Unfortunately, the questioning strategies by the language teachers at higher education level in Pakistan are not planned and executed to involve students. The present research is an attempt to explore students’ perception about teachers’ questioning strategies in English classrooms at university level. The sample was taken from three private universities. Data were collected from 250 students through a questionnairedesigned on a five-points Likert scale. The findings revealed that most of the teachers’ questions are convergent or procedural while divergent questions are very less. The classroom environment is thus less interactive and teacher-centered. The findings of the study are helpful to teachers, educational planners and experts in understanding students’ involvement through teachers’ questions.
Keywords: Questioning strategies; communication skills;procedural; convergent; divergent; productive thinking
Language: English
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Page Nos 1 - 13
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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School-university partnerships: practical propositions in ameliorating teacher education programs for sustainable development
Author/s: Wajeeha Aurangzeb, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, NUML, Islamabad, Hukamdad Malik, Assiciate Professor, Head of Department Education, NUML, Islamabad
Abstract: This research study was undertaken to explore school principals’ perceptions regarding benefits and challenges in school-university partnership and its role in sustaina ..... Read More
This research study was undertaken to explore school principals’ perceptions regarding benefits and challenges in school-university partnership and its role in sustainable development, effect of this partnership on professional development of teacher educators and perceived expectations of pre-service teachers from school- university partnership on their professional practice. It was a qualitative study, using semi-structured interviews from school principals, teacher educators and pre-service teachers. Random sampling technique was used to select sample size from each category not less than 50. Data was analysed using thematic analysis for qualitative research design. Results revealed that school principals and teacher educators agreed fully that administrative support and cooperation is required, whereas pre-service teachers emphasized that such type of partnership will provide enriched experiential learning through teaching practicum. It was concluded that such partnerships, if based upon mutuality and trust will go a long way in ameliorating teacher education programs. This study may prove valuable for schools and universities in developing partnerships practically and may provide an insight to policy makers and educational administrators to develop and implement workable partnerships between schools and universities to integrate theory into practice effectively for sustainable development and improvement in quality of teachers.
Keywords: School-university partnership, teacher education program, sustainable development
Language: English
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Page Nos 15 - 26
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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Impact of In-service Teacher Trainings under Federal Directorate of Education Islamabad on the Performance of Teachers at Elementary Level
Author/s: Waheed ul Din, MPhil Scholar, Department of Education, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Muhammad Arshad Dahar, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Amir Zaman, Assistant Professor, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan
Abstract: The study aimed at investigation of “Impact of In-service Teacher Trainings under Federal Directorate of Education Islamabad on the Performance of Teachers at Elementar ..... Read More
The study aimed at investigation of “Impact of In-service Teacher Trainings under Federal Directorate of Education Islamabad on the Performance of Teachers at Elementary Level”. In-service teacher training plays a very important role in establishing, developing, maturing and efficiently using the teaching skills and competencies. The population of the study consisted of elementary teachers trained at minimum two years before and working in Islamabad Model Schools. The sample of 200 male and 200 female teachers was selected through simple randomization. Then, data were collected through self-developed questionnaire and analyzed through mean, standard deviation, and Chi-square. The study found that overall in-service teacher training influenced the performance of teachers to increase. The study concluded that a very few teachers showed less impact, some of them told their highest performance, however, mostly teachers frequently and occasionally follow, and apply most of the guidelines, skills and competencies of training in their practices, and resultantly show good performance.
Keywords: Impact; In-Service Teacher Training; Performance of Teachers; Elementary level
Language: English
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Page Nos 27 - 40
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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IMPACT OF FAMILY BACKGROUND AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF 10TH GRADE STUDENTS
Author/s: Riffat Tahira, PhD student, Northern University, Noshehra, Rashida Ahmad, Assistant Professor, Government College Women University, Faisalabad ,Asma Maryam, PhD Scholar, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi
Abstract: The study has been conducted to investigate the impact of family background and socioeconomic status (SES) on the academic achievement of 10th Grade students. Family back ..... Read More
The study has been conducted to investigate the impact of family background and socioeconomic status (SES) on the academic achievement of 10th Grade students. Family background and SES of students provides the foundation and conveniences to the education. Family background and SES include the important indicators i.e. father’s and mother’s education and occupation, monthly income, pocket money and home tutoring. Overall, a total of 40 head teachers and 400 (10th Grade) students from 40 schools (20 girls and 20 boys) were the sample of the study. The study identified information regarding family background and SES through “Questionnaire” and academic achievement through “Result Sheet”. The, differential impact was calculated through Chi-square. All the determinants of family background and SES have positive influences on the academic achievement; moreover, some of them have significant impact. The policy implications are that students may be guided and encouraged how they can get maximum learning input through the contribution of family and SES.
Keywords: Family background, Socio-economic status, academic achievement
Language: English
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Page Nos 41 - 61
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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Gender Based Comparative study of Teacher’s Psychological Satisfaction at University Level
Author/s: Saira Nudrat, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, National University of Modern Language, Islamabad, Quratul Ain Hina, Assistant Professor, Department of Education, National University of Modern Language, Islamabad
Abstract: Rationale of the study was established on the phenomenon that rewards are actually what employee demands. In this perspective, underlying objectives of the study were (1) ..... Read More
Rationale of the study was established on the phenomenon that rewards are actually what employee demands. In this perspective, underlying objectives of the study were (1) To investigate gender wise perception about availability of rewards provided to teaching faculty of private universities of Punjab. (2) To investigate gender wise satisfaction of their psychological needs as a result of rewards provided by their management. (3) To study interrelationship between reward and psychological needs. Through random sampling 150 faculty members were taken as sample. As data collection instrument, a questionnaire was administered addressing two general types of rewards (extrinsic and intrinsic) and two types of psychological needs (recognition and growth). Results declared that in private sector also both kinds of rewards were provided to their employees for their satisfaction. There was no gender discrimination in this regard. In province of Punjab, only male teaching faculty at higher education level was encouraged through recognizing their contributions. Positive response was reported about personal growth by the male faculty members. But female faculty reported their low motivation level with reference to recognition and personal growth. In light of the results, management of private sector universities need to be offered and implemented some standard measure for females’ faculty members exclusively.
Keywords: Psychological Needs, Reward and Motivation
Language: English
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Page Nos 63 - 74
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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Ranked Definitions of Creativity
Author/s: Muhammad Kamran,Assistant Professor, Preston University, Kohat,
Abstract: The study was of a quantitative in nature and was conducted among secondary science schools in Dera Ismail Khan City, Pakistan. The study recruited total 82 (60 Male & 22 ..... Read More
The study was of a quantitative in nature and was conducted among secondary science schools in Dera Ismail Khan City, Pakistan. The study recruited total 82 (60 Male & 22 Female) secondary science teachers. A checklist containing six definitions of creativity was given to them. It was asked to rank the definitions of creativity according to their perspective which best represent the definition of creativity. The results of the study showed that originality as the definition of creativity was on the top of the list while solving the problem in a unique way was on the lowest bottom of the list. Also clear differenceswere found in the mean scores of definitions of creativity. The study concluded that the best definition of creativity according to Pakistani secondary science teachers’ perspective is the originality. The study discussed it in the light of previous creativity literature.
Keywords: Definitions, Creativity, Originality, Secondary Science Teachers
Language: English
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Page Nos 75 - 82
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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Instructional Leadership of Female Principals from the Perspectives of Teachers in Government Higher School in Dir Lower
Author/s: Nazia Saeed, Lecturer, Department of Education, University of Malakand, Wasal Khan, Associate Professor, Sarhad University of Science and Technology, Itbar Khan, Lecturer, University of Malakand
Abstract: The study examined the instructional leadership of female principals from the observer point of view in Dir lower Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The objectives of the research ..... Read More
The study examined the instructional leadership of female principals from the observer point of view in Dir lower Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The objectives of the research were to find out the instructional leadership practices of female principals in secondary and higher secondary school, examine difference in the self- reported and observed instructional behaviors and give applicable suggestions for the improvement of instructional leadership practices.Data were collected through Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) (Hallinger, 1983) measuring framing the schools goals, communicating the schools’ goals, supervising and evaluating instruction, coordinating the curriculum, monitoring student progress, protecting instructional time, maintaining high visibility, providing incentives for learning. Five dimensions were added by the researchers. Percentages of responses were used to analyze the responses. Data showed that majority of the principals frame goals and communicate goals, supervise and evaluate instruction and so on but there were many principals who either sometimes follow the essential instructional leadership responsibilities or never did so. The study recommends training on the essential dimensions included in PIMRS and sensitizing the principals about their essential role as academic leaders.
Keywords: Instructional leadership; Secondary schools, Principals; difference in the observed and self- reported instructional behaviors
Language: English
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Page Nos 83 - 97
Volume & Issue: 2 - 2
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